三十年古龙研究的多方位透视——兼论古龙武侠的类型知识体系
A Multi-Dimensional Perspective on the three decades’Study of Gulong: On the Type Knowledge System of Gulong Martial Arts
投稿时间:2020-05-24  修订日期:2020-06-13
DOI:
中文关键词:  古龙  武侠小说  人性  武侠知识体系  武侠意识形态  武侠形式建构  武侠专门知识
英文关键词:Gu Long  martial arts novel  human nature  martial arts knowledge system  martial arts ideology  martial art form construction  martial arts expertise
基金项目:重庆市社会科学规划项目“金庸与中国武侠小说现代性研究(2019YBWX128)。
作者单位E-mail
叶翔宇 西南大学 文学院 409246190@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      古龙是新派武侠小说三大家之一,台湾武侠小说的代表人物。他以“求新求变求突破”为创作宗旨,在武侠小说的主题、叙事、语言等方面开创了自己独特的风格。古龙研究已走过30年,古龙的生平创作和作品的思想艺术价值都得到了细致的探讨,出现了现代观念、文体创新、金古比较、创作影响等热点议题。现代性视野的进入和研究方法的丰富使古龙研究获得了领域上的拓展和学理性的提升,但总体上看甚显杂乱、不成体系,面临着类型学上的困境。探究古龙小说类型特征发现:现代都市平民生活体验的武侠意识形态,是市民文化和政治环境的产物;侦探推理模式和“浪子/游侠”模式形成的武侠形式结构,体现了事件中心建构方式到人物中心建构方式的转变;古龙武学和市井江湖组成的武侠专门知识,革新了传统武功设定和江湖背景构建,三者共同构成古龙小说的类型知识体系。
英文摘要:
      Gu Long is one of the three masters of the new martial arts novels and a representative figure of Taiwan martial arts novels. With the doctrine of "seeking innovation, change, and breakthrough", he created his own unique style in the theme, narrative and language of martial arts novels. The study of Gu Long has gone through thirty years. The ideological and artistic value of Gu Long's works and lifelong creation have been discussed in detail, and hot topics such as modern ideas, stylistic innovations, Jin-Gu comparisons, and creative influence have emerged. The entry of modernity and the enrichment of research methods have enabled Gulong's research to expand in the field and improve its academic rationality, but overall it is very cluttered and disorganized, and it is facing a typological dilemma. Based on the research results of thirty years, this article uses new theoretical models to explore the types and characteristics of Gu Long's novels: the martial arts ideology of modern urban civilian life experience is a product of citizen culture and political environment; The martial arts formal structure formed by the mode of detective reasoning and “ prodigal son/ranger” reflects the transformation from the event based construction method to the character based construction method; the martial arts expertise composed of ancient martial arts and city rivers and lakes has revolutionized the setting of traditional martial arts and the background construction of rivers and lakes. The three together constitute Gulong’ type knowledge system of novels.
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