财政分权与民生类公共品有效供给——基于省级面板数据的实证研究
Fiscal Decentralization and Effective Supply of Public Goods
投稿时间:2020-04-04  修订日期:2020-05-18
DOI:
中文关键词:  财政分权  民生财政  民生类公共品  有效供给
英文关键词:fiscal decentralization  people's livelihood  finance, public goods  ffective supplyy
基金项目:重庆工商大学研究生创新型科研项目 “重庆市民生财政支出效率及影响因素研究”(yjscxx2019-101-36)
作者单位E-mail
黄文君 重庆工商大学 934109309@qq.com 
杨 燕 重庆工商大学 财政金融学院 1053622057@qq.com 
赖思颖 重庆工商大学 财政金融学院  
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中文摘要:
      首先利用因子分析法,从最终有效产出的角度对省际2007-2018年民生类公共品供给有效性进行了综合评估,发现供给有效性指数区域差异性明显,供给效果不容乐观。然后构建面板回归模型实证分析财政收支分权对民生类公共品供给有效性的影响,结果表明,财政收入分权对有效供给水平呈显著激励作用,而财政支出分权表现为显著抑制作用。最后尝试从细化央地事权和支出责任、适度提高地方财权财力、构建民生项目问责机制、健全民意反馈机制、优化政绩考核机制等方面提出促进地方民生类公共品实现有效供给的政策建议。
英文摘要:
      First of all, using factor analysis method, from the perspective of the final effective output, a comprehensive evaluation of the effectiveness of the supply of public goods in the provinces from 2007 to 2018 was conducted, and it was found that the regional effectiveness of the supply efficiency index was significantly different, and the supply effect was not optimistic. Then construct a panel regression model to empirically analyze the impact of fiscal revenue and expenditure decentralization on the effectiveness of public goods supply. The results show that fiscal revenue decentralization has a significant incentive effect on the effective supply level, while fiscal expenditure decentralization has a significant inhibitory effect. Finally, it tries to put forward policy suggestions to promote the effective supply of local public goods such as public welfare from the aspects of refining the central authority and expenditure responsibilities, moderately increasing local financial power and financial resources, constructing accountability mechanisms for people"s livelihood projects, improving public opinion feedback mechanisms, and optimizing performance evaluation mechanisms.
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