大数据时代劳动者个人信息保护的困境及其路径
The dilemma of the protection of laborers' personal information in the era of big data and its developmentIs
投稿时间:2020-02-22  修订日期:2020-05-08
DOI:
中文关键词:  个人数据保护  隐私权  劳动者权益  比例原则
英文关键词:personal data protection  The right to privacy  The rights and interests of workers  proportionality
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
王东方 中南财经政法大学 15937140231@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      个人信息与隐私有本质差异,个人信息权应是具备独立的权能属性。大数据时代存在雇主滥用或操纵雇员个人信息的风险,劳动者个人信息保护框架应是以雇员之参与(雇员知情权)为核心,以雇员之“同意”为前提,以雇员之修改权为延伸进行架构。基于劳动者个人信息保护的特殊性,对于其保护体系的构建应遵循以下方面:(1)比例原则:雇主知情权之行使应以必要性为限(2)知情及选择原则:雇主或管理层处理雇员之个人数据应通知权利人且雇员其可选择处理范围(3)披露原则:未经雇员同意雇主不得披露个人数据,除非是为了其本身正当目的(4)安全原则:雇主或管理层必须保证数据不丢失、不被滥用、不被修改、不被破坏、不被意外访问。
英文摘要:
      There is an essential difference between personal information and privacy, and the right to personal information should have independent power attributes. In the era of big data, there is a risk of employers misusing or manipulating employees ’personal information. The framework for the protection of workers’ personal information should take employee participation (employee ’s right to know) as the core, take the employee ’s “consent” as the premise, and extend the employee ’s right to modify Carry out the architecture. Based on the particularity of the protection of workers ’personal information, the construction of its protection system should follow the following aspects: (1) the principle of proportionality: the exercise of the employer ’s right to know should be limited to the necessity (2) the principle of knowledge and choice: the employer or the management The processing of employee ’s personal data shall be notified to the right holder and the employee may choose the scope of processing (3) Disclosure principle: the employer shall not disclose personal data without the employee ’s consent, except for its own legitimate purpose (4) security principle: the employer or management must Ensure that the data is not lost, misused, modified, destroyed, or accidentally accessed.
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