巴渝古崖居的空间营造特点与文化艺术价值
The Characteristics of Space Construction and Cultural and Artistic Value of Ancient Cliff Residences in Chongqing
投稿时间:2019-11-26  修订日期:2019-12-14
DOI:
中文关键词:  巴渝古崖居  空间营造特点  文化艺术价值
英文关键词:ancient cliff residence in Chongqing  characteristics of space construction  cultural and artistic value
基金项目:2018年重庆市社会科学规划项目“乡村振兴战略下巴渝古崖居的动态保护与活化利用研究”(项目编号:2018YBYS152)
作者单位E-mail
张惬寅 重庆文理学院 美术与设计学院 184426835@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      巴渝古崖居多选择地势险要的山崖峭壁,受到地形限制,空间营造上多呈并列式布局,也有少许呈前后式布局和不规则布局,洞室空间高度多在2—6米之间。洞室功能完备,由一间至多间不同洞室构成,通常包括厅堂、居室、储藏室、水池、灶台、烟道等。洞门较小,一般开凿有射击孔、瞭望口等防御设施。巴渝古崖居具有质朴自然的气质之美、简约质朴的装饰陈设、因地制宜的空间布局与形式美、地域性与实用性兼顾的建筑美学以及匠心独具的空间营造思想和较高的设计利用价值。
英文摘要:
      Ancient Cliff Residence in Chongqing mostly choose dangerous cliffs and cliffs. Due to terrain restrictions, the space construction is mostly in a side-by-side layout, and there are a few front and back layouts and irregular layouts. The cave space height is mostly between 2-6 meters. The chamber is complete and consists of one or more different chambers, usually including halls, living rooms, storage rooms, pools, stoves, flues, etc. The gate is relatively small, and generally there are defensive facilities such as firing holes and lookouts. The ancient cliff residence in Chongqing has the beauty of simple and natural temperament, simple and rustic decorative furnishings, spatial layout and form beauty adapted to local conditions, architectural aesthetics that takes into account both regionality and practicability, as well as ingenious space creation ideas and high design value.
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