马洪旭.基于养老保险的村民养老模式抉择研究[J].重庆文理学院学报,2021,40(2):21-31.
基于养老保险的村民养老模式抉择研究
A Study on the Choice of Villagers’ Pension Model Based on Endowment Insurance
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  养老主体  养老保险  选择偏好  制度养老  社会养老  家庭养老
英文关键词:pension subject  endowment insurance  choice preference  institutional pension  social pension  family support for the aged
基金项目:辽宁省优势特色本科专业教研教改课题“劳动与社会保障专业本科生就业能力培养研究”(LYTZ2017002)
作者单位
马洪旭 东北财经大学 公共管理学院 辽宁 大连 116000 
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中文摘要:
      当下不断优化的农村基本养老保险制度在经济层面弥补了家庭养老功能的不足,也影响着村民的养老责任认知和偏好选择。文章利用中国综合社会调查(CGSS)三截面数据,通过描述性统计分析发现:子女养老地位虽呈下降趋势,但依然是村民主要的养老选择;社会养老得到越来越多村民的认同;村民对社会养老的选择存在年龄差异。Logistic回归分析发现:养老保险制度变革促进了村民传统养老观念向现代养老观念的转变,即养老保险提高了村民社会养老和独立养老意识。在乡村振兴背景下,农村养老事业发展需重视村民养老观念嬗变及其与养老制度变革间的双向反馈关系。
英文摘要:
      At present, the continuously optimized rural basic endowment insurance system makes up for the deficiency of family pension function in the economic level, and also affects the villagers’ cognition and preference of pension responsibility. Based on the three section data of China Comprehensive Social Survey(CGSS), through descriptive statistical analysis, it is found that although the status of children’s pension is declining, it is still the main choice of villagers; social pension has been recognized by more and more villagers; there are age differences in villagers’ choice of social pension. The logistic regression analysis found that: the reform of the old-age insurance system promoted the transformation of the villagers’ traditional pension concept to the modern one, that is, the pension insurance improved the villagers’ social and independent pension consciousness. In the context of rural revitalization, the development of rural pension needs to pay attention to the evolution of villagers’ pension concept and the two-way feedback relationship between the change and the pension system reform.
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