吴安新,陈瀚洋.非物质文化遗产视域下中医药知识产权保护的困境与路径[J].重庆文理学院学报,2020,39(5):23-31.
非物质文化遗产视域下中医药知识产权保护的困境与路径
The Dilemma and Path of Protection of Intellectual Property of Traditional Chinese Medicine from the Perspective of Intangible Cultural Heritage
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  中医药  知识产权  非物质文化遗产  保护
英文关键词:traditional Chinese medicine  intellectual property  intangible cultural heritage  protection
基金项目:基金项目
作者单位
吴安新 重庆理工大学 重庆知识产权学院 重庆 巴南 400054 
陈瀚洋 重庆理工大学 重庆知识产权学院 重庆 巴南 400054 
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中文摘要:
      中医药是世界上最为独特的医药学体系之一,是历史传承中的无价之宝,其遗传资源、制作技艺等已成为我国非物质文化遗产重要的组成部分。2011年施行的《中华人民共和国非物质文化遗产法》提出了对非物质文化遗产的知识产权保护;2017年《中华人民共和国中医药法》的施行,延续了知识产权保护这一重要工具。这些法律在一定程度上相互协同,保障和促进了我国中医药行业的发展。但梳理当前我国对中医药保护的现状,中医药的非遗认知度、专利申请积极性、商业秘密保护严谨性以及中医药的技术传承等诸多问题一直困扰着我国中医药行业的发展。这并未完全达到对于中医药知识产权进行保护的立法目的。文章基于非物质文化遗产的视角提出制定中医药特殊保护制度、协调权利冲突、加强传承以及明确监管等解决路径,剖析原因,以期有助于推动我国中医药行业的发展。
英文摘要:
      The traditional Chinese medicine is one of the most unique medical systems in the world. It is an invaluable treasure in the historical heritage. Its genetic resources and production techniques have become the important parts of China’s intangible culture. The Intangible Cultural Heritage Law, which was enacted in 2011, proposed the protection of intellectual property rights in intangible cultural heritage; the promulgation of the 2017 Chinese Medicine Law continued the important tool of intellectual property protection. To a certain extent, these laws cooperate with each other to protect and promote the development of Chinese medicine. However, through clarifying the current situation of Chinese medicine protection, the development of Chinese medicine has been plagued by many problems, such as the recognition of intangible cultural heritage, the enthusiasm of patent application, the rigor of trade secret protection and the technical inheritance of traditional Chinese medicine, which could not fully achieve the legislative purpose of intellectual property protection of traditional Chinese medicine. Based on the perspective of intangible cultural heritage, some solutions were put forward, such as formulating the special protection system of traditional Chinese medicine, coordinating the conflict of rights, strengthening the inheritance and clear supervision, and also the reasons were analyzed, so as to promote the development of Chinese medicine in China.
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