郭 娜.日本武士阶级源流论考[J].重庆文理学院学报,2020,39(3):56-64.
日本武士阶级源流论考
On the Origin of the Japanese Samurai Class
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  在地领主  武士团  主从关系  中世社会
英文关键词:local lords  samurai regiment  master-slave relationship  Middle Ages
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目“日本武家家训与武家发展史”(18BSS035)
作者单位
郭 娜 四川外国语大学 日语系 重庆 沙坪坝 400031 
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中文摘要:
      日本的律令体制解体后,从班田收授法中解放出来的农民阶层迅速成长起来。而从农民中崛起的在地领主阶层成了日本中世社会形成的基本要因。在古代社会末期的动荡中,领主阶层为保障对土地的权利,建立起武装组织,走上武士化的道路,并在社会经济体制的变革中,逐渐以土地所有及其生产物的分配为基础构建起稳固的主从关系,最终发展成稳定的武士团。作为领主阶层的完成形态,武士作为一个阶级登上历史舞台,并开始进出中央政界,最后夺取政权,揭开日本中世封建制社会的帷幕。
英文摘要:
      After the disintegration of the Japanese law system, the peasant class liberated from the Land Redistribution Law grew up. The basic factors for the formation of the Japanese social stnacture were the lords of the lard that rose frorn the peasants. In the turmoil of the late ancient society, the lord class established armed groups to protect their rights to the land, embarked on the road of samurai, and in the transformation of the social economic system gradually built up a solid master-slave relationship based on the distribution of land and its products. The lord class eventually developed into a stable samurai regiment. As a final form of the lord class, the samurai class began to enter and leave the central political circles, and finally seized the political power, unveiling the curtain of Japan’s feudal society in the Middle Ages.
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