中古汉语虚词“正”特殊用法及其演变探析
The Study on the Special Usages and their evolution of the Medieval Chinese Function Word “Zheng(正)”
投稿时间:2016-04-07  修订日期:2016-04-07
DOI:
中文关键词:  “正”  程度之甚  范围限止  让步假设连词
英文关键词:“zheng(正)”  a high degree  limiting in scope  the concessional hypothetical conjunction
基金项目:本文为2015年度重庆师范大学文学院研究生学术创新项目(项目编号:WXY15YJS008)阶段性成果。
作者单位E-mail
赵艳 重庆师范大学 742036530@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      古代汉语虚词“正”的用法非常丰富,而特殊用法的产生和演变都发生在中古,这一时期它由本义引申出了表“程度之甚”和“范围限止”的副词义,并在此基础上进一步演变为让步假设连词。在语义虚化和功能演变的过程中,语义作用点的一以贯之是前提,人类普遍的认知机制是基础,重新分析、语境吸收以及语用推理等在演化的具体阶段分别起了重要的推动作用。
英文摘要:
      The ancientSChinese function word “zheng(正)” had many kinds of usages . However, the emergence and evolution of it"s special usages occurred in the medievalSChinese. During this period, it had been extended out the functionsSof “ describing a high degree ” and “ limiting in scope ” from It"s original meaning , then onSthisSbasis , it had further evolved into a concessional hypotheticalSconjunction . In It"s grammaticalization , theSconsistencySof the semantic point was the premise, the human universal cognitive mechanism was the foundation, reanalysis,Sabsorption of context and inferenceSplayed important roles in the specific stages of evolution .
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