污染环境罪的规范反思与制度重构
Reflection and reconstruction of standard system of crime of polluting the environment
投稿时间:2015-05-08  修订日期:2015-06-15
DOI:
中文关键词:  污染环境罪;抽象危险犯;具体危险犯;生态保护主义;
英文关键词:The crime of polluting the environment; the abstract dangerous crime; concrete dangerous crime; ecological protection;
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
张琴 重庆市大渡口区人民法院 416525341@qq.com 
摘要点击次数: 1076
全文下载次数: 0
中文摘要:
      无论是构成要件的行为要素,如危险犯之入罪,还是定罪后的制裁手段,如单位犯罪之后果等,污染环境罪均拘囿于传统犯罪行为的防治政策,而应当更加强调对于环境污染的预防与控制。在未来的制度构建上,污染环境行为的治理与惩戒应当更加重视资格刑的惩戒作用、重视没收违法所得手段的威慑作用、重视消除环境污染后果手段的运用。且有必要明确污染环境罪的主观过错,在第XX条第1款规定故意的污染环境罪,第2款通过规定“过失犯前款罪的”来区分两种罪过,并在故意形态下增设一个量刑幅度,即七年以上有期徒刑或无期徒刑。同时,针对日渐增多的法人犯罪、制衡暴利犯罪之功能,立法上可大量提高罚金额度或藉此剥夺犯罪人所得利益以达吓阻效果。最后,面对现代社会的高危险性,法律应有三阶段的任务:第一阶段是对社会上行为之风险分配从事规划,区分出何种社会活动或个人行为是法所容许之风险;第二阶段是要阻止法所不容许的风险发展成危险或实害,将该具有高度危险之行为类型制定为构成要件;第三阶段则是要防止危险变成实害,这个阶段的刑法任务,必须由具体危险犯之规定来达成。
英文摘要:
      No matter is composed of elements such as behavioral factors, dangerous crimes crime, or convicted of sanctions, such as unit crime after the fruit, the crime of polluting the environment are confined to the traditional crime prevention policies, but should be more emphasis on prevention and control of environmental pollution. In the future the system construction, environmental pollution governance behavior and punishment should pay more attention to the qualification penalty, deterrent effect, pay attention to the role of discipline and confiscate the illegal income means to pay attention to the use of means to eliminate environmental pollution consequences. And it is necessary to clarify the environmental pollution crime subjective fault, in article XX of the provisions of the first paragraph of the intentional crime of polluting the environment, through the provision of paragraph second of "negligence commits the crime" to distinguish two kinds of sin, and adding a penalty in the intentional form, namely seven years of fixed-term imprisonment or life imprisonment. At the same time, aiming at increasing the balance of profits, corporate crime crime, legislation can raise a large number of fines or to deprive criminals of the deterrent effect of interest income. Finally, in the face of high risk in modern society, the law should be the task of the three phase: the first stage is the risk allocation of social behavior in the planning, to distinguish what social activities or personal behavior is allowed by the law of risk; the second stage is to prevent the law does not allow the risk or risk of developing real harm, the behavior of highly dangerous type for elements; the third stage is to prevent the risk of becoming the real harm, the criminal law in this stage, must be prescribed by the specific dangerous crimes to achieve.
  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭